WHAT ARE SCAPHOLUNATE LIGAMENT INJURIES?
The scaphoid and lunate are two small bones in the wrist held tightly together by a band of tissue called the scapholunate ligament. When this ligament is injured the unstable wrist bones very gradually develop painful arthritis over months and years. This condition is usually seen in adults but can occasionally occur in younger people with severe wrist injuries like wrist dislocations. Scapholunate ligament injuries can eventually progress to a condition called SLAC wrist, which is a severe wrist osteoarthritis which is often painful and limits function.
Most scapholunate ligament injuries occur due to wrist trauma like falling on an outstretched hand, but occasionally no history of injury is recalled, or perhaps just a minor wrist sprain. Some cases of chronic scapholunate ligament injury may be due to repetitive heavy loading of the wrist as seen with obesity, or inflammatory conditions of the wrist that damage the ligament gradually over time.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
- Pain (thumb side of the wrist)
- Swelling (back of wrist, and more on thumb side)
- Stiffness of the wrist
- Clicking, popping, grinding, or clunking sensations in the wrist
IS THERE A TEST FOR SCAPHLOLUNATE LIGAMENT INJURIES?
Your symptoms and medical history as well as an examination of your hand and wrist can help to diagnose these injuries. Special x-ray views can detect large ligament tears that affect wrist bone alignment but often miss small tears. An MRI or wrist arthroscopy may be recommended to evaluate the scapholunate ligament and wrist joint surfaces for suspected tears that do not show up on x-ray.
There is a wide range of treatment for scapholunate ligament injuries. Deciding which treatment is best for you is complex process and depends on many factors.
Cast / Splinting
Complete tears of the scapholunate ligament due to recent wrist trauma are most likely to benefit from a surgical repair of the ligament. Once the tear is more the a few weeks old, the torn ligament becomes scarred and cannot be directly repaired. Reconstruction with tendon grafts can be considered but is not always successful. Once wrist arthritis is present, various reconstructive procedures can be attempted, or the wrist can be fused to help alleviate pain.
READY TO CONFIRM A DIAGNOSIS AND FIX THE PROBLEM OR JUST WANT TO LEARN MORE?
Our Board-Certified Orthopaedic Hand and Wrist Surgeons are here to help! They can often diagnose the problem in one visit, and get you started with a treatment plan. We offer a wide variety of both nonoperative and operative treatment options.
This content is not a substitute for expert medical advice or diagnosis and is for educational purposes only.